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Transit Security Design Against Terrorist Attack


Quiz Questions

1.A transit security system encompasses all physical and logical components that contribute to the safety and protection of a transit system’s sites and assets, and may include physical barriers, staff credentials, electronic devices, software applications, data management, telecommunications equipment, and security personnel.
True
False
2. _______________________ represents the transit system assets
Figure 3-1
Figure 3-2
3.Transit systems are susceptible to attack by perpetrators hoping to destroy transit property or city environments, to inflict mass casualties, or simply create a nuisance through misinformation or disrupted service.
True
False
4.CPTED is abbreviated as ______________________________________________.
Crime Protection through Environmental Design
Crime Prevention through Environmental Design
5. _____________________ represents the credentialing and access control.
Figure 5-4
Figure 5-5
6.An IDS (Intrusion-Detection Systems) is a combination of integrated electronic components, including sensors, control units, transmission lines, and monitoring units, that detect one or more types of intrusion into an area protected by the IDS. An IDS includes both interior and exterior systems, and may also include electronic entry control devices and CCTV for alarm assessment.
True
False
7.Blast damages are classified as either direct (those that occur in the explosion) or indirect (those that occur as a subsequent consequence of direct damage).
True
False
8.Floor slabs are typically designed to carry gravity loads. Sometimes the slabs are designed as diaphragms and are part of the lateral support system.
True
False
9.Pre-stressed concrete is similar to reinforced concrete, except that the steel reinforcement is usually wire cables that are pre-tensioned before the members are loaded.
True
False
10.Fenestration is the design and arrangement of windows and other glass features on a building, including glass façade panels and openings. The location and construction of windows will likely vary, based on the location and contents of a building.
True
False
11.Transit stops are facilities where riders board and alight from buses or light rail transit vehicles. These sites range from a simple signpost in the sidewalk indicating where a vehicle stops, to an elaborate transit plaza with sheltered waiting areas serving multiple bus routes or light rail lines.
True
False
12.Tunnel access points may include portals, where transit vehicles enter and exit the tunnel, usually at the point where the right-of-way submerges below grade.
True
False
13.Signaling equipment is a system of visual indicators along the right-of-way informing vehicle operators of transit system conditions when to stop, slow down, or proceed at full speed.
True
False
14.There are at least three points in the life of a transit vehicle when new technology can be incorporated into the vehicle to help improve security:
New vehicle purchase
Major overhaul
Minor overhaul
All the above
None of the above
15. An automatic vehicle locator (AVL) system allows the OCC to remotely track and monitor the position of a vehicle. AVLs are more relevant for buses than rail transit systems. In addition to security considerations, AVLs can improve a transit agency’s operational capabilities. When linked with a GPS system, a transit agency can track vehicle on-time performance in real time and make on-board stop and location announcements, as required by ADA.
True
False
16.To prevent the operation of a vehicle by an unauthorized person, installation of a key system or a smart card system can reduce the threat of vehicle theft. The smart card system could also provide a higher level of security by integrating the ability to start and operate a vehicle into a transit agency’s credentialing program for its employees.
True
False
17.Systems used by transit agencies include mobile radio communications, low-powered localized transponders, rail vehicle communications and control, and OTS commercial systems and equipment.
True
False
18.____________ represents the security oriented design considerations for communications systems.
Table 8-1
Table 8-2
19.Figure 8-1 illustrates the system architecture for a generic transit security system.
True
False
20.Figure 9-3 represents the ______________________________________.
Example of a High-Level Security System Architecture
Vee Model of System Development