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Public Land Survey Systems


Quiz Questions

1.The Public Lands Survey System (PLSS) was originally set up to sell the lands acquired by the U.S. Government in _________________.
Ohio
Indiana
Illinois
Michigan
Wisconsin
All of the above
2. In the state of__________________, the principal meridian is known as the Willamette Meridian.
Washington
Oregon
New York
California
3.Distances north or south of the base line are described by ___________________ townships lines.
North-South
East-West
4.The township lines are intended to be at _________________intervals.
Four-mile
Five-mile
Six-mile
5.To keep the township lines parallel to the base line, standard parallels were established at 24-mile intervals north and south of the base line.
True
False
6.Thus, on the base line and on a standard parallel, there will be a convergence offset between the guide meridian to the north and the one to the south.
True
False
7.Each township, approximately 6 miles on a side is further divided into 36 sections and monuments were set at the section corners. Each section is intended to be ______________ in area.
640 acres
480 acres
8.The physical location of original monuments set is the true corner even if the theoretical position places it in a very different position.
True
False
9.The _______________ was established running north to Puget Sound and south to the California border and the base line was established running east to the Idaho border and west to the Pacific Ocean.
Willamette Meridian
Latitudinal Meridian
10.Willamette Stone was established in ________________.
June 4, 1851
July 4, 1850
July4, 1851
11.Figure 5-3 represents _________________.
Section Grid
Township Grid
12.The dimensions of the sections are measured in chains and links and a chain of 100 links is equal to 66 feet and a link is 7.92 inches.
True
False
13.Certain areas of land that weren’t available for sale and where the boundaries of the Public Lands Survey System (PLSS) stopped at the edge of these areas are
Indian reservations (IR)
Donation land claims (DLC)
Military reservations (MR)
All the above
14.The east west section lines were established from West to East between the meridional section lines as the surveyors worked their way north and these are called _______________ Section Lines.
Meridional
Latitudinal
15.GL is an acronym to ___________________.
Government Lands
Government Lots
16.In summary, a section is approximately one square mile unless it lies on the north or west side of a township or abuts one of the areas not available for sale.
True
False
17.Figure 5-8 represents ____________________.
Fractional Measurements
Example of Government Lots in Irregular Sections
18.In addition to monumenting the corners, the original surveyors also marked trees along the boundaries when available and these are known as line trees and were blazed or hacked with an axe. (See Figure 5-10)
True
False
19.An obliterated corner is one that has not been destroyed but whose position cannot be reestablished from other recorded reference points nearby.
True
False
20.The location can be reestablished by rerunning the original survey in a _________________.
Obliterated corner
Lost corner
21.Figure 5-10 represents ___________________.
Old Bearing Tree with Overgrowth Removed
Marks Found on a Line Tree may be a Blaze, a Hack, or Both
22.Bearing objects are represented in _______________.
Figure 5-11
Figure 5-12
23.DLC is an acronym for ______________.
Donation Land Claims
Dredging Land Claims
24.WC is an acronym for _________________.
Witness corners
Willamette corners
25.The beginning point of the guide meridian is on the standard parallel or base line and the ending point is at its intersection with the next standard parallel.
True
False