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Proposed Gulf of Mexico OCS (Outer Continental shelf) Oil and Gas Lease Sale 207


Quiz Questions

1.Figure 1 represents _____________________________.
Gulf of Mexico Outer Continental Shelf Planning Areas, Proposed Lease Sale Area and Locations of Major Cities
Location of Proposed Stipulations and Deferrals
2. Mitigations that are a standard part of the MMS program ensure that the operations are always conducted in an environmentally sound manner. For example, mitigations ensure that site-clearance procedures eliminate potential snags to commercial fishing nets and require surveys to detect and avoid archaeological sites and biologically-sensitive areas such as topographic features and chemosynthetic communities.
True
False
3.The MMS participates in the Louisiana Sand Management Working Group (LA-SMWG), which is composed of representatives from Federal, State, and local governments, academia, and industry, and serves to assist all parties in planning and decision making for the use of Federal sand for beach nourishment, coastal restoration, and wetlands protection projects along the Louisiana coast.
True
False
4.The MMS does not require post-activity submittals for several activities, including seismic surveys and installation and decommissioning operations. Post-activity submittals do not allow MMS to monitor compliance with mitigations and to determine the effectiveness of those mitigations.
True
False
5.Marine Trash and Debris Awareness and Elimination, provides guidance to prevent intentional and/or accidental introduction of debris into the marine environment.
True
False
6.The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OCSLA) does not authorizes and requires MMS to provide for both an annual scheduled inspection and a periodic unscheduled (unannounced) inspection of all oil and gas operations on the OCS.
True
False
7.Figure 3 represents _________________________________________.
Subareas of the Western Planning Area Zoned by Depth
Location of Proposed Stipulations and Deferrals
8.These are not the primary impacting sources to water quality in coastal waters from routine operations. And they are point source and storm-water discharges from land-based support facilities, maintenance dredging of navigation canals, pipeline installations, and vessel discharges while in coastal waters.
True
False
9.Coastal water quality can be cumulatively impacted by inputs, which are transported through river in-flows. These inputs include hydrocarbons, trace metals, sediment, and nutrients from human activities.
True
False
10.Most sea grass communities are located behind barrier islands. Because of the location of most sea grass communities, inshore oil spills pose less threat.
True
False
11.The impacts of oil spills from both OCS and non-OCS sources to the sand-starved Louisiana coast should not result in long-term alteration if the beaches are cleaned using techniques that do not significantly remove sand from the beach or dunes. The region around Galveston, Texas, and the Chenier Plain of Louisiana have the greatest risk of sustaining impacts from oil-spill landfalls because of their very high concentrations of oil production within 31 mi (50 km) of the coast. The cleanup impacts of these spills could result in short-term (up to 2 years) adjustments in beach profiles and configurations as a result of sand removal and disturbance during cleanup operations.
True
False
12._____________ generates the greatest overall risk to submerged vegetation, and hurricanes cause direct damage to sea grass beds, which may fail to recover in the presence of cumulative stresses.
Dredging
Cyclone
13.Accidental blowouts, oil spills, and spill-response activities potentially resulting from Lease Sale 207 will not impact marine mammals in the GOM.
True
False
14.Oil spills and oil-spill-response activities are potential threats that may be expected to cause turtle deaths.
True
False
15.Small coastal spills, pipeline spills, and spills from accidents in navigated waterways can contact and affect the different groups of coastal and marine birds, most commonly marsh birds, waders, waterfowl, and certain shorebirds. Lightly oiled birds can sustain tissue and organ damage from oil ingested during feeding and grooming or from oil that is inhaled. Stress, trauma, and shock enhance the effects of exposure and poisoning.
True
False