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Fundamentals of Corner Restoration


Quiz Questions

1.Appropriate regulations of the Public Land Laws are enforced by:
The Secretary of Interior
The district chief
None of the above
2. The fundamentals of corner restoration have evolved from
The authority vested in the Secretary,
Statutory law,
Common law and court decisions
All of the above
3.The boundaries of the public lands, when approved and accepted are changeable by the people.
True
False
4.The monuments set at the time of the original survey are the best evidence as to where the original boundaries were established, and as such the position must remain unchangeable.
True
False
5.A ___________________is a reconstruction of land boundaries and subdivisions accomplished by rerunning and remarking the lines represented in the field note record or on the plat of a previous official survey.
Resurvey
Rebuilding
6.If a boundary line was marked by line trees and an original marked line tree is found, it still marks the boundary line (at least in alignment) and may become an angle point in the line.
True
False
7.Under the law, a definitely identified line tree is a _______________ of the original survey.
Law
Monument
Building
8.As an existing monument, a ________________ is used as a control point in the reestablishment of lost corners by the appropriate method of proportionate measurement.
Line tree
Blazed line
9.Often line trees were recorded as being on the original surveyor’s random line and not on the actual true line between corners.
True
False
10.If a boundary line was marked by a witness point and it is found, it still marks the boundary line (at least in alignment) and may become an angle point in the line.
True
False
11.Traditional methods employed to interpret ambiguous agreements or title documents are called__________________________.
Rules of Construction
Rules of Surveying
12.The _____________________copy of the Official Plat is generally the one from which patents are issued and therefore should be the one used if discrepancies (e.g. area, distances, lottings, etc.) exist on various copies thereof.
Survey office
Land Office
13.Where there is a variance between the plat and the field notes of an original government survey, the_____________ must control.
Plat
Field notes
14.The _________________is developed from the field notes and is intended to be an exact pictorial representation thereof.
Township plat
Monument
15.By placing any blunder where it occurred and weighing corroborative collateral evidence, the surveyor can make a professional decision as to whether a line tree or a blazed line is the best available evidence of the position of the original boundary line.
True
False
16._______________________are restored by the nearest and best available evidence.
Corners
Monument
17.The _________________corner is one at whose point there are no remaining traces of the monument or its accessories, but whose location has been perpetuated, or the point for which may be recovered beyond reasonable doubt by the acts and testimony of the interested landowners, competent surveyors, other qualified local authorities, or witnesses, or by some acceptable record evidence.
Obliterated
Existent
Lost
18.Retracements are often used to gather collateral evidence of the original survey.
True
False
19.Where the direction of a line can be determined from the mean position of a number of blazed trees, the direction so established may be controlling where the corner monument is lost.
True
False
20.When a lost corner was originally established at the terminus of lines from __________directions, it should be restored at the record distances (cardinal equivalents) with the possibility of an index correction. One distance controls latitudinally and the other controls meridionally.
Two
Three
Four
21.How many general types of irregular boundaries exist?
Two
Three
Four
22.A reference monument is an accessory to a________________.
Field notes
Corner
23.Line trees have the same function as a______________________.
Witness point
Existent corner
24.The precedence of some lines over other lines is recognized in restoring lost corners.
True
False
25.A witness point has the same function as a line tree and is used in the same manner to restore lost or obliterated corners.
True
False