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Federal Guide for Dam Safety


Quiz Questions

1.What does EAP stand for?
Emergency Action Plan
Emergency Agency Plan
Emergency Association Plan
None of the above
2. A process of determining progressively over time the amplitude of a flood wave as it moves past a dam or downstream to successive points along a river or stream is called _______________.
Flood Routing
Time period
3.Emergency situations that occur at a dam will not require that status reports and situation assessments be provided by the dam owner to appropriate organizations throughout the duration of the incident.
True
False
4.An Emergency Action Plan should consider security provisions at and surrounding the dam during emergency conditions to protect the public and permit effective performance of emergency response actions.
True
False
5.What does FEMA stand for?
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Federal Emergency Management Association
Federal Emergency Materials agency
None of the above
6.Following an emergency, an evaluation and review should be conducted that includes all participants. The following should be discussed and evaluated in the after-action review:
Events before, during, and following the emergency
Significant actions taken by each participant, and improvements practicable for future emergencies
All strengths and deficiencies found in procedures, materials, equipment, staffing levels, and leadership
All of the above
7.The ____________ is the highest-level exercise that does not involve the full activation of the dam owner and state and local emergency management agency field personnel and facilities or test evacuation of residents downstream of the dam.
Functional exercise
Primary exercise
8.Emergency Action Plan generally contain six basic elements:

  1. Notification Flowchart
  2. Emergency Detection, Evaluation, and Classification
  3. Responsibilities
  4. Preparedness
  5. Inundation Maps
  6. Appendices
True
False
9.An opening through the dam resulting in partial or total failure of the dam is called _____________.
Breach
Dam hole
10.Comprehensive EAP Exercise is an in-depth exercise of an EAP that involves the interaction of the dam owner with the state and local emergency management agencies in a stressful environment with time constraints.
True
False
11.Catastrophic type of failure characterized by the sudden, rapid, and uncontrolled release of impounded water is called as a _______________________.
Dam failure
Local failure
12.A federally established network of commercial radio stations that voluntarily provide official emergency instructions or directions to the public during an emergency is said to be an emergency alert system.
True
False
13.The location or facility where responsible officials gather during an emergency to direct and coordinate emergency operations, to communicate with other jurisdictions and with field emergency forces, and to formulate protective action decisions and recommendations during an emergency are known as________________.
Emergency Operations Center
Operations unit
14.A graph showing, for a given point on a stream, the discharge, height, or other characteristic of a flood with respect to time is _________________.
Flood Hydrograph
Alert system
15.The effectiveness of an Emergency Action Plan can be enhanced by promoting a uniform format which ensures that all aspects of emergency planning are covered in each plan.
True
False
16.A situation that creates the potential for adverse consequences such as loss of life, property damage, or other adverse impacts is called as a hazard potential.
True
False
17.The flood flow above which the incremental increase in water surface elevation due to failure of a dam or other water impounding structure is no longer considered presenting an unacceptable threat to downstream life or property is _____________.
Inflow Design Flood
Flood constant
18.The state and local agencies responsible for emergency operations, planning, mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery for all hazards is said to be Dam Management Agency.
True
False
19.Inundation Map is a map delineating area that would be flooded as a result of a dam failure.
True
False
20._______________ monitoring is an important consideration because a failure of a dam will cause a rapid rise in the level of the tail water.
Tailwater
Headwater