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Evaluation and Repair of Concrete Structures


Quiz Questions

1.This course provides guidance on evaluating the condition of the concrete in a structure, relating the condition of the concrete to the underlying cause or causes of that condition, selecting an appropriate repair material and method for any deficiency found, and using the selected materials and methods to repair or rehabilitate the structure.
True
False
2. A visual inspection of the exposed concrete is the first step in an on-site examination of a structure. The purpose of such an examination is to locate and define areas of distress or deterioration.
True
False
3. Spalling is defined as "the movement of water or other fluids through pores or interstices."
True
False
4. The following physical and mechanical tests are generally performed on concrete cores:

  • Density.
  • Compressive strength.
  • Modulus of elasticity.
  • Poisson’s ratio.
  • Pulse velocity.
  • Direct shear strength of concrete bonded to foundation rock.
  • Friction sliding of concrete on foundation rock.
  • Resistance of concrete to deterioration caused by freezing and thawing.
  • Air content and parameters of the air-void system.
True
False
5. A crack survey is an examination of a concrete structure for the purpose of locating, marking, and identifying cracks and determining the relationship of the cracks with other destructive phenomena
True
False
6. A stability analysis is often performed as part of an overall evaluation of the condition of a concrete structure.
True
False
7. Failure to follow specified procedures and good practice or outright carelessness may lead to a number of conditions that may be grouped together as construction errors.
True
False
8. Shrinkage is caused by the loss of moisture from concrete. It may be divided into two general categories: that which occurs before setting (plastic shrinkage) and that which occurs after setting (drying shrinkage).
True
False
9. The following properties should be considered before any material is selected for use on a repair or rehabilitation project:

  • Compressive strength.
  • Modulus of elasticity.
  • Coefficient of thermal expansion.
  • Adhesion.
  • Drying shrinkage.
  • Creep.
  • Permeability.
True
False
10. Evaluation and Repair of Concrete Structures

Figure 1.A

What does figure 1.A illustrate about?

Selection of repair method for active cracks
Typical information included on a drill log for concrete core
Factors affecting the durability of concrete repair systems
None of the above
11. Shrinkage-compensating concrete is an expansive cement concrete, which is used to minimize cracking caused by drying shrinkage in concrete slabs, pavements, and structures.
True
False
12. Drypacking is a process of ramming or tamping into a confined area a low water-content mortar. Because of the low w/c material, there is little shrinkage, and the patch remains tight and is of good quality with respect to durability, strength, and water tightness.
True
False
13.Crack arrest techniques are those procedures that may be used during the construction of a massive concrete structure to stop crack propagation into subsequent concrete lifts
True
False
14. Precast concrete is a form of construction, where concrete is cast in a reusable mould or “form” which is then cured in a controlled environment, transported to the construction site and lifted into place.
True
False
15. Repairing deteriorated concrete is much easier and more economical than preventing concrete deterioration.
True
False
16. Concrete stains can be removed with several methods including brushing and washing, steam cleaning, water blasting, abrasive blasting, flame cleaning, mechanical cleaning, and chemical cleaning.
True
Flase
17. Coatings and sealers cannot be used to reduce the water penetrating into concrete.
True
False
18. Concrete cutoff walls, sometimes referred to as diaphragm walls, are cast-in-place structures used to provide a positive cutoff of the flow of water under or around a hydraulic structure.
True
Flase
19. The use of precast concrete in repair and replacement of civil works structures has increased significantly in recent years and the trend is expected to continue.
True
False
20. A concrete repair report should include discussions of problems encountered in each phase of the repair work, effectiveness of the repair materials and techniques.
True
False